This post was last updated on June 21st, 2016 at 07:29 am
So you travel to France and wanted to order food from a lovely French dining establishment. This article will provide you with key “French Ordering” vocabulary, and the knowledge of how to confidently request your meal. You’ll amaze your English speaking friends when you order for each member of the table, or wow your date/spouse.
If you’re not interested in the vocabulary, simply scroll down to the bottom of the page to see the proper technique. Try your best with the pronunciation, and if you’re a real beginner at French, always carry a small dictionary with you just in case!
La Carte (des vins): The menu (of wines)
À La Carte: “From the Menu” type of dinning style when the diner selects individual dishes (like the U.S)
Prix Fixe: This dining style, the diner selects from an already built menu; it usually features several courses and is better priced than the “À La Carte” option.
Un Apéretif: Pre-dinner drink, cocktail
L’Entrée: The appetizer
Le Plat Principal: The main course
Le Dessert: The dessert
Le Fromage: The cheese course
Le Digestif: The digestive drink, after-dinner drink
…. Du Jour: …. Of the Day
(Any dish followed by this phrase indicates it’s a daily special, example: Le Soup Du Jour)
Ordering Food Vocabulary
Est-ce que c’est possible d’avoir une table pour deux personnes?
Can I have a table for two? (Switch the word “deux” with any number you need)
Est-ce que vous avez une suggestion/une spécialité?
Do you have a suggestion/a specialty?
Est-ce qu’il y a un plat du jour?
Is there a daily special? (S-keel-E-Ah uhn plah do jewR)
Commander (Je suis prêt(e) à commander): To order (I am ready to order) note that you’ll need the extra “e” if you’re a woman. So, it’s pronounced “prey” as a man and “phret” as a woman.
Je voudrais/ J’aimerais/ Je prends: I would like…, I would love…, I will take… (all are appropriate)
Un Morceau: A piece
Une Tranche: A slice (of bread, meat, cake)
Une Rondelle: A slice (fruit, veggie)
Un verre de vin: A glass of wine
Ce-plat là (requires you point): This dish here… (Very useful when you can’t pronounce something).
Rosé, À point, Bien Cuit: Rare, medium-rare, well done
C’est Terminé: We’re finished eating
L’Addition (S’il vous plaît): The bill (please)
Service (non) Compris: Tip (not) included
Je suis… : I am…
Allérgique (à): Allergic (to, example: Je suis allérgique aux noix = I’m allergic to nuts)
Food Preparation & Creation
À La Vapeur: Steamed
À L’Etoufflée: Stewed
Au Four: Baked
En Daube: In a Stew
Haché: Minced (ground)
Ordering at cafés
Now that you have some of the vocabulary, “how do I go about eating dinner in France?” Well, it all depends on where you’re going of course! If you want to eat at a little corner café or a brasserie, typically you seat yourselves and a waiter should come and help you. If you want a seat inside, a waiter will normally ask you how many people and seat you.
Cafés typically feature an à la carte style of dining, although daily specials and fixe prix meals can also be found. I usually like to order something small and enjoy the ambiance outside. Sometimes you’ll need to ask for the bill, other times it will just come out with your food. In France, servers are paid a regular wage and do not rely on tips… tipping a euro is a symbol of “extremely great service”, keep that in mind.
I’ll go into more detail about tips below.
Ordering at a French Restaurant
In France, fancy restaurants typically require a reservation for dinner. I would advise calling in a day in advance (or the same morning) to request seating. Keep in mind that extremely popular restaurants are routinely booked days in advance, if that’s the case then you should search elsewhere.
Most restaurants consider lunch more casually and allow walk-ins, but remember there are always exceptions out there! Being safe and booking your lunch/dinner in advance beats explaining to your spouse why you can’t dine on your anniversary.
When allowed to be seated, it’s customary for the woman (women) to have the better view of the restaurant. If you don’t do so, I doubt anyone will confront you about this point, but it would be odd to the French.
Once you’ve secured seating, how do you go about ordering? If you wanted to go for a fixed-price meal (my recommendation), you’ll receive three or four courses that construct a classic French meal. You start with the entrée, select a main dish (plat principal), choose dessert and an after-dinner digestif (sometimes they let you choose things, sometimes it’s all set in stone).
If you feel like eating light, you can just order the main dish and some wine (À La Carte style), or you can share your meal with somebody else – don’t feel as if you need to eat each course.
When ordering, it’s usually considered rude to have something removed or added to the menu (substitution), because the meal on the menu is exactly how the restaurant wants to present it to you. Now granted if you’re allergic to something, substitute away… however, sometimes the French suspect “allergies” to mean you don’t like the food – an undercover insult.
Once you are finished with your meal and ready to leave, you’ll need to ask for the tip. Unlike the United States (where the waiter approaches you and bustles you out) the French don’t want you to feel rushed.
One time in Strasbourg, me and my friends ate outside a French restaurant for nearly 2 hours! It was an amazing experience to just lounge outside with some wine and a large French stew. If you notice the waiters are trying to bustle you out, maybe it’s because they are busy, there are more reservations, they’re about to close, or the restaurant staff is not the friendliest.
I found that restaurants closer to tourist attractions try to move as many people in and out, so opt for more secluded establishments.
Is the Tip Included in France?
Tip is always included with the meal, I can’t think of any exceptions. Leaving a euro or two on the table is a super kind gesture for your server, but it’s not required at all. More tip money will automatically be added to the bill of large groups (6-8 people or more).
Well, I hope this article allows you to be a little more confident with how to order food in France. Now you have a general idea of what to expect or encounter at a French dining establishment.
Do you have any dining experiences to share? I’d love to hear them below in the comment section.